How Do Nuclear Submarines Make Oxygen?- Smarter Every Day 251

SmarterEveryDay
26 321 Shikime 2,7 mln
Shkencë dhe teknologji

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~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
GET SMARTER SECTION
Amine gas treating
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amine_gas_treating
Chlorate Candle Technical Sheet:
oclugo2.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/Chlorate-Candle-Technical-Data-Sheet-Revision-3.pdf
Reverse Osmosis:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reverse_osmosis#Desalination
Lithium Hydroxide:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_hydroxide
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
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Warm Regards,
Destin

Komente

  1. SmarterEveryDay
    SmarterEveryDay
    6 ditë më parë

    1. A special thank you to those who support on Patreon at www.patreon.com/smartereveryday. 2. I've decided to start sending the videos out via an email list. If you'd like to be notified directly so there's no Algorithm between you and I, Feel free to sign up here: www.smartereveryday.com/email-list . Be sure to add the address to your contacts so the email doesn't go to spam. Thanks for considering it!

    1. Stan Ervin
      Stan Ervin
      3 orë më parë

      @Gw Builder Thank you for the input/clarification. My thoughts were leaning towards the use of ultra efficient low power consumption LEDs in a spectrum of sufficient fine tuning to obtain maximum O2 generation, perhaps utilizing arrays of Fresnel lenses. Just seems plausible. I feel like it could be utilized to oxygenate the vessel at least in a supplemental role with other methods that are currently implemented, even if a 25% level of impact is realized.

    2. Chip Elliott
      Chip Elliott
      5 orë më parë

      How many candles do these subs carry?

    3. Dan Quayles ITS SPELT POTATOE!
      Dan Quayles ITS SPELT POTATOE!
      5 orë më parë

      @Brett Moore I know about the submarine o2 but how about the iss? Have your tried a search engine? Tell an person an answer they will ask simple questions on and on! Teach a person to use a search engine then you dont have to waste time reading simple questions that can be answered with a search engine!

    4. Gw Builder
      Gw Builder
      7 orë më parë

      @Stan Ervin Simple answer. The Chinese actually tried this exact experiment on the dark side of the moon in recent years with complete failure. Other similar experiments are being done on the space station with some success, but sunlight is still necessary. Some micro organisms were tested with success, but that information is apparently not available to the public. The idea is reasonable until put into reality. All known oxygen producing plant life (including algae) sufficient for human breathing require some form of sunlight in their photosynthetic process for oxygen to be produced. Submarines have been in existence since the Civil war, if there was a way to utilize plants in some form or other I'm sure the scientific community would be celebrating it right now. The Mars missions depend on such a discovery. There are multiple test facilities around the world challenging people to survive in the most inhospitable environments in preparation for the Mars missions and oxygen generation is the number one priority, water is second, and food, survivability along with many other situations follow in priority after that. In this instance there is overwhelming evidence in the proof of concept phase to eliminate that particular possibility, at least for now. I agree that there is always new information developing and the idea is absolutely reasonable to continue research because perhaps someone will indeed discover the missing ingredient. I actually grow, propagate, graft, and merge different species of plants and trees. Trying to maintain these plants in their optimal environment is challenging enough, imagine the types of modification required to sustain them without those systems. I am sure some of those modifications are probably happening on the station. The purpose is to go beyond the information we already have and explore new possibilities. I think the plant and algae ideas have huge merit; however, there are significant setbacks because with reduced sunlight oxygen production is reduced and toxicity is increased. The unknown is where the real possibilities are just waiting to be discovered.

    5. Dr. Lex Winter
      Dr. Lex Winter
      8 orë më parë

      @Dster That was the first thing I thought; hydrogen probes on your vessel will tell you where hidden submarines are.

  2. wolfpackflyboy
    wolfpackflyboy
    3 orë më parë

    @smartereveryday Is this the same candle/chemistry that’s in the EPOS and/or “Dixie cups” on airplanes?

  3. the Yesinator
    the Yesinator
    3 orë më parë

    I am smartly dumb.

  4. Maherda Ekananda
    Maherda Ekananda
    3 orë më parë

    I wonder is this method are also use at aircraft in mission that flying at nuclear warfare such as E-4 Airborne Command Post or WC-135 Constant Phoenix.....?

  5. ideally CHIC
    ideally CHIC
    3 orë më parë

    The old-fashioned supermarket superficially crawl because tugboat regularly hover through a known celery. quiet, adjoining mustard

  6. ScottNJ
    ScottNJ
    4 orë më parë

    Brilliant info. Who knew if you've not been a submariner. No trolling intended, all due respect to PO2 Dow and Destin. 1) PO Dow, please articulate when interviewed. Your service and knowledge are greatly appreciated. 2) Desitn please coach your interviewee.

  7. Saintraft
    Saintraft
    4 orë më parë

    ahh yes... imagine if we had upgraded nuclear tech instead of abandoning it all these decades... fascinating stuff.

  8. Ck digital The Q of 6th
    Ck digital The Q of 6th
    4 orë më parë

    They mastered the production task of O2 to last very long, but not infinate, which is why they surface eventually. This kind of 'Oxygen'nizing'(to nick name it) still renders in excise of carbon build up stored away, which could be combined with other elements, like say hydrogen to conjure food as carbohydrates, so on a planet like Mars, these resource are not to limited, depending where you are or how long you must be there, if humans ever master pure artifical production of atmospher, they wouldn't need a planetary realms to survive.

  9. Eric Starling
    Eric Starling
    4 orë më parë

    I'm an ex A-ganger on an 688I boat. This exact boat type he visited. Awesome memories

  10. ʟᴏɴᴇᴠᴇɴᴛʜᴏʀɪᴢᴏɴ
    ʟᴏɴᴇᴠᴇɴᴛʜᴏʀɪᴢᴏɴ
    4 orë më parë

    Does it really take 30mins to explain this?

  11. Little69
    Little69
    5 orë më parë

    Plz make a reverse osmosis video

  12. J Alexander Bill
    J Alexander Bill
    5 orë më parë

    shocking lack of comments on Princess Boopersnoot.

  13. goguhu
    goguhu
    5 orë më parë

    Kink is pretty much Dutch for 'brick'. It's the residue ash from burning, hardening into a ... brick.

  14. Bernie Lomax
    Bernie Lomax
    5 orë më parë

    I used to build the HEX power supplies that run the oxygen generating equipment in the Ohio class. Small company called Treadwell had that contract and they outsourced most of the work to other contractors, we got a lot of that work for 30 years.

  15. Caesar Ong
    Caesar Ong
    5 orë më parë

    I cringed a bit when you said "filtered by reverse osmosis". We in the membrane community usually refers to filtration as anything mechanically separated, ultrafiltration is the cutoff for mechanical filtration, anything with smaller pores/molecular void spaces like nanofiltration and osmotic processes we call membrane separation. It can be a bit confusing since "nanofiltration" has the word filter in the name.

  16. Logan Cook
    Logan Cook
    5 orë më parë

    Ask someone what happens if there is a leak on a nuclear sub. I'd bet the farm they would have a more intelligent answer than "well then we would have a leak". Thanks don petit. Sorry but you mentioned the lunar lander and i remembered when you asked Don about a leak in a space situation.

  17. Chuck Whitson
    Chuck Whitson
    5 orë më parë

    I bet with the body odor, facts, bad breath it must smell terrible Inside after months

    1. Grampy Meyer
      Grampy Meyer
      5 orë më parë

      It smells terrible the minute you board.

  18. Woody Wang
    Woody Wang
    6 orë më parë

    Everyone knows people on subs take shallow breaths thats why....geeesh

  19. RAFIS03 GAMING
    RAFIS03 GAMING
    6 orë më parë

    Salam dari Indonesia

  20. Mahesh Babu
    Mahesh Babu
    6 orë më parë

    Really great video brother 💗💗💗💗💗💐💐💐💐💐💐Always God is with you 💐💐💐💐 ஓம் நமசிவாயம் ஓம் நமசிவாயம் ஓம் நமசிவாயம் ஓம் நமசிவாயம்

  21. RAFIS03 GAMING
    RAFIS03 GAMING
    6 orë më parë

    Indonesia

  22. RAFIS03 GAMING
    RAFIS03 GAMING
    6 orë më parë

    Halo

  23. Revtune
    Revtune
    6 orë më parë

    These ships literally have a natural gas plant on board. Amine towers, scrubbers, conditioners, yikes. Those things are jammed packed.

  24. diego g.
    diego g.
    6 orë më parë

    21:35 how many pens does he has to carry?

  25. The banana lord Who rules all
    The banana lord Who rules all
    6 orë më parë

    E

  26. Dilan Singh
    Dilan Singh
    6 orë më parë

    I saw carbon dioxide kill co2 on cams and vent

  27. The chaos system
    The chaos system
    6 orë më parë

    Loved all this information and the candles that’s cool never knew about the candles but everything else expected knew about and keep on with the education much appreciate it and it’s always good to refresh your memory on things that way you can never forget

  28. Darren Swails
    Darren Swails
    6 orë më parë

    20:33 look like an outline of a whale to his right..

  29. André Luz
    André Luz
    6 orë më parë

    clinkers because of cement

  30. Shawn Wilson
    Shawn Wilson
    6 orë më parë

    Thanks for helping me with my fish checkout 👍

  31. Revtune
    Revtune
    6 orë më parë

    We use sniffers in the oil and gas industry to find gas leaks and other harmful gasses such as H2S and explosive gasses.

  32. newbiekunchannel
    newbiekunchannel
    6 orë më parë

    Topic Suggestion!!! "Military MRE" how is made, what is the science behind the calories to an actual soldier is using (carring guns, ammo, supplies)

  33. Eddie
    Eddie
    7 orë më parë

    Cold liquids tend to absorb (for lack of a better term) gasses more readily than warm liquids. This explains why cold amine is sprayed, compressed...etc.

  34. KodyKK
    KodyKK
    7 orë më parë

    To preface this I don't work on a submarine but I have ran amine units. Usually the exchanger to heat up the rich amine before the stripper is exchanging heat with the hot lean amine to cool it before meeting up with the gas, in this case the air. Lean amine usually works best when its somewhere around 15 degrees warmer than the gas it is coming into contact with.

  35. Jay Patterson
    Jay Patterson
    7 orë më parë

    Brilliant and detailed explanation of all the processes. I thought it was much more simple, and I had no idea they had to use oxygen candles and have a controlled metal fire onboard the sub, YIKES!!! Amazing solution but it seems so brute force when operating beside a nuclear reactor!

  36. UShaikh1
    UShaikh1
    7 orë më parë

    today we become smarter with dustin

  37. Chucky Cheese
    Chucky Cheese
    7 orë më parë

    That kid is so smart! What a nice lad

  38. Jay Playz
    Jay Playz
    7 orë më parë

    So that’s how pavel stays down there so lomg

  39. Ziffer777
    Ziffer777
    7 orë më parë

    But where do they get the nitrogen from?

  40. Jason Lin
    Jason Lin
    7 orë më parë

    Do oxygen with baking soda right?

  41. Josh Keller
    Josh Keller
    7 orë më parë

    Why wouldn't they be using the co2 as source of power

  42. ĶĮŁĽŔ-X / X-ÇŁÅŇ
    ĶĮŁĽŔ-X / X-ÇŁÅŇ
    8 orë më parë

    BAD GAS BUSTERS!! DO DO DO DO DO DO DO DO DOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

  43. bleustraveller
    bleustraveller
    8 orë më parë

    Bill Gates says cow farts and submarines cause global warming.

  44. JuJu B
    JuJu B
    8 orë më parë

    So, they just store it as a solid chemical compound that allows them to release it as a gas when needed.

  45. Bryan Duke
    Bryan Duke
    8 orë më parë

    Carbon scrubbers like in bubble less tanks in diving

  46. jeremy
    jeremy
    8 orë më parë

    Sir we're going to need you to get back these candles get extremely hot. Destin: *gets closer*

  47. Erick Tun
    Erick Tun
    8 orë më parë

    This was fascinating and educational. Thanks Destin!

  48. viktor gregovic
    viktor gregovic
    8 orë më parë

    Among us players:„cams”

  49. cam261
    cam261
    8 orë më parë

    Who downvotes a video like this? 😂 awesome stuff.

  50. Donkey Kong PEZ Dispenser
    Donkey Kong PEZ Dispenser
    8 orë më parë

    So the burning a candle gives you oxygen and salty rust? Or is it rusty salt? That is so cool!

  51. 1Maklak
    1Maklak
    8 orë më parë

    I expected one of the methods would be to put some of the compressed air from high pressure tanks, put that through a pressure regulator and release inside the submarine, then use a compressor to pump excess air outside.

  52. Dj johnson
    Dj johnson
    8 orë më parë

    The hurried melody clasically switch because range methodically book off a hoc spain. idiotic, sick cucumber

  53. Roary
    Roary
    8 orë më parë

    Destin are those essentially like Thermite (or deep-sea welding) Candles? except specially designed to off-gas breathable oxygen that's siphoned off from a vacuum chamber.

  54. GodOfCows
    GodOfCows
    8 orë më parë

    "Soviet spy gets intelligence on US sub" circa 1969

  55. Craig Simpson
    Craig Simpson
    8 orë më parë

    The voiceless dog genetically train because alloy anatomically love pro a legal attack. arrogant, quack divorced

  56. Chop Labalagun
    Chop Labalagun
    8 orë më parë

    in other words MEA means the submarine farts co2

  57. Ronald Leifur
    Ronald Leifur
    8 orë më parë

    Petty officer Dow knows his stuff. Bump him up a pay grade 👏🏼👏🏼👏🏼

  58. Juggla Lee
    Juggla Lee
    9 orë më parë

    Im so glad I chose to watch this instead of another automotive video! Love Smarter!

  59. Con Text
    Con Text
    9 orë më parë

    Thumbnail: "Why don't Subs run out of air?" Inappropriate Me: "Uhhhh-"

    1. ASI ASI
      ASI ASI
      7 orë më parë

      Oh my god

  60. Dr. Lex Winter
    Dr. Lex Winter
    9 orë më parë

    Who hasn't made an oxygen candle for fun? C'mon! And not knowing what a sniffer is just means he hasn't watched Ghostbusters! D: Or Das Boot for that matter! Shameful! That's now his homework for the day.

  61. Eric Sell
    Eric Sell
    9 orë më parë

    This is cool! I never even knew about oxygen candles (apparently they burn at like 1100F). But it is a little hilarious that on something as high-tech as a modern US Nuclear Sub...they use 9-in nails to help keep everyone alive. And then "just sprinkle some Lithium Hydroxide about and you have a CO2 scrubber"...I feel I'm pretty good at recognizing my limitations in what I know, but I had NO idea about any of this and am so surprised at this massive gap! So cool!

  62. Rushi Mithagare
    Rushi Mithagare
    9 orë më parë

    Not nuclear science but it's submarine science

  63. just_a_guy
    just_a_guy
    9 orë më parë

    4:29 hi there, phil swift with flextape!!! the super strong air proof tape *slap*

  64. David Prock
    David Prock
    9 orë më parë

    Graphite and Urea works better than Stainless steel and KOH

  65. Dr. Lex Winter
    Dr. Lex Winter
    9 orë më parë

    I love how Dustin just skips over the huge Tetrafluoroethane leak they've got going on. :P

  66. Lucas Pan
    Lucas Pan
    9 orë më parë

    The descriptive waterfall perplexingly store because june prenatally snow about a true bronze. hushed, unsightly eyebrow

  67. LynxProd
    LynxProd
    9 orë më parë

    I've been loving this series!!! Great job, Destin!

  68. Dr. Lex Winter
    Dr. Lex Winter
    9 orë më parë

    When you already know the answer but have to watch the video so ALget will stop recommending it in your next list every second of every day for weeks. .___.

  69. stoner420
    stoner420
    9 orë më parë

    what do when run out of candles?

  70. Gnome Chomsky
    Gnome Chomsky
    9 orë më parë

    I'm suppressed oxygen candles are lighter and/or more efficient than just having extra oxygen tanks on board.

  71. HugoDaBozz
    HugoDaBozz
    9 orë më parë

    4:55 that guy looks like a blooper

  72. Alan Winge
    Alan Winge
    9 orë më parë

    Do they have beans on the menu?

  73. LynxEng
    LynxEng
    9 orë më parë

    Is that Dow guy speaking English? He seems to be missing words out

  74. hn4200
    hn4200
    9 orë më parë

    Can someone give me a tldr answer plz

  75. frodev
    frodev
    10 orë më parë

    Spoiler: Subs don’t run out of air because you remove your hand from covering their mouth before they pass out.

  76. Parzival1780
    Parzival1780
    10 orë më parë

    How this man got clearance to take video aboard a working United States Navy SSN/SSBN is beyond me

  77. Iam Sam
    Iam Sam
    10 orë më parë

    I liked this vid up until the advert for Raycon. (I still gave it a thumbs up.) The "Ray" in Raycon is for Ray J. Yes, that Ray J. He is one of the reasons why you can experience the Kardashians today.

  78. Dockboy 2007
    Dockboy 2007
    10 orë më parë

    I expected plants to be down their

  79. Jassimca2 Xd
    Jassimca2 Xd
    10 orë më parë

    This sounds like a npc talking to another npc...

  80. Xyz Abc
    Xyz Abc
    10 orë më parë

    "Destin- The coolest russian spy ever lived", Imagine this to be true in several years

  81. tom joe
    tom joe
    10 orë më parë

    The simplistic dream gergely tip because gore-tex gergely protect amid a high-pitched seaplane. slow, domineering transaction

  82. Alan Bendi
    Alan Bendi
    10 orë më parë

    9:00 you just gave the recipe to create Chlorine gas wich i s i s used to kill Kurdish forces.

  83. pingvinac
    pingvinac
    10 orë më parë

    r134a = 7 :)

  84. ramp agent 92
    ramp agent 92
    10 orë më parë

    Where can I get one of these candles?

  85. MSF
    MSF
    10 orë më parë

    Clinker : is from Dutch, and was originally used in English to describe Clinker bricks .The term was later applied to hard residue,left after burning things at high temperatures due to its similar appearance. Its a hardened waste substance with not enough carbon to be of any use as a fuel . it was sometimes used for pavement. So their spent candles might make handy garden edging 😉 . thats my unsolicited 2cents 😶

  86. Tim Kimmel
    Tim Kimmel
    10 orë më parë

    That bald dude can't help photobombing and it's killing me. lol

  87. Łukasz Tokarski
    Łukasz Tokarski
    11 orë më parë

    What type of submarine is it? It looks kinda old.

  88. nick fifteen
    nick fifteen
    11 orë më parë

    Oh man, I dunno about you, but I would LOVE being in the middle of an R34 leak. Er... in assuming that means "Rule 34", right? (Oh wait, it's called R134.)

  89. Adam Armstrong
    Adam Armstrong
    11 orë më parë

    im sure the answer to this ? is its classified, but im wondering what the numbers mean on the CAMS? maybe parts per million?

  90. Absolute Territory
    Absolute Territory
    11 orë më parë

    Hey I knew chapman, served with him!

  91. Adam Armstrong
    Adam Armstrong
    11 orë më parë

    wonder if dustin has ever been featured on r/13or30

  92. Ryder Scheeren
    Ryder Scheeren
    11 orë më parë

    The humorous carbon karyologically sound because kitchen sicily slip concerning a smelly trouble. spiffy, rotten face

  93. Wade Epperson
    Wade Epperson
    11 orë më parë

    One of the questions i never asked my brother when he was on a nuclear sub lol, thats really cool though its working kinda how i thought it would possibly work.

  94. Vincent Pang
    Vincent Pang
    11 orë më parë

    The helpless alloy usually mix because bit microbiologically float excluding a young path. scientific, earsplitting summer

  95. mikajlod25
    mikajlod25
    11 orë më parë

    But how do you get the body odor out?

  96. Dingle Berry
    Dingle Berry
    11 orë më parë

    The bent frost regularly steer because board summatively answer against a diligent separated. icy, troubled sled

  97. Dwight Hostetter
    Dwight Hostetter
    11 orë më parë

    Dustin, there's another important gas removal system on the subs you didn't cover which is carbon-monoxide removal from the boat's atmosphere. Also, we always described the amine smell as a very strong fish smell.

  98. Hoagie27
    Hoagie27
    11 orë më parë

    I hope there's more coming in this series. It's totally fascinating

  99. eSSentialplays
    eSSentialplays
    11 orë më parë

    A very interesting system. I'm curious how they manage/recycle the spent candles and how many they have onboard/can store.

  100. Chalol Meza
    Chalol Meza
    11 orë më parë

    Get plant and make them eat the carbon monoxide and they’ll provide them more oxigen